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HIV/AIDS: A global picture  

HIV/AIDS is believed to have started in the mid-to-late 1970s, but it was not until the 1980s that HIV/AIDS data started to be collected. This illness was first noticed in the U.S., and by early 1980s cases of HIV/AIDS were also discovered in Europe, Africa, South America, North America and Australia.  

Since the time HIV/AIDS was discovered, this pandemic has spread rapidly worldwide, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. According to UNAIDS report of 2006, 39.5 million people in the world were living with HIV/AIDS, a figure 2.4 million more when compared with the 2004 figure. This report indicates that about two thirds of all people in the world living with HIV/AIDS (i.e. 24.7 million) are in sub-Saharan Africa. Globally, it appears that women, who constitute one of the vulnerable groups in most societies, are heavily affected by this pandemic. About 17.7 million women world wide were living with HIV/AIDS by 2006.  

From early 1980s to date HIV/AIDS has claimed, and continues to claim, millions of lives. It also causes suffering to many people, and in general, people and their communities have been affected by HIV/AIDS psychologically, socially and economically. The pervasiveness of this pandemic and its effects in some parts of the world have prompted governments, NGOs, and other stakeholders to begin responding to this crisis. Maryknoll missioners are among those playing a role in the fight against HIV/AIDS. They are currently working with HIV/AIDS in 14 countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Maryknollers are involved in HIV/AIDS programs ranging from prevention education, voluntary counseling and testing for HIV, anti-retroviral treatment, palliative care, to impact mitigation.  

Below are HIV/AIDS statistics for countries in which Maryknoll missioners work with HIV/AIDS:  

Country

Population

(estimated)

Number of people living with HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate

Additional information

I. AFRICA

 

 

 

 

1. Kenya

33,829,592

1.3 million

6.1 percent

740,000 women aged from 15 to 49 years live with HIV/AIDS.

150,000 children live with HIV/AIDS

1.1 million children are orphans due to this pandemic.

2. Tanzania

36,766,356

1.4 million

6.5 percent

710,000 women aged from 15 to 49 years live with HIV/AIDS.

110,000 children live with HIV/AIDS

About 1.1 million children are orphans due to HIV/AIDS

3. Zimbabwe

12,236,805

1.7 million (2005 est)

20.1 percent

59 percent of all HIV/AIDS cases are women. 160,000 children live with HIV/AIDS (2005 est.). Total number of orphans is 1.1 million.

4. Namibia

2,044,147

(2006 est.)

230,000

19.6 percent

130,000 women and 17,000 children live with HIV/AIDS.

85,000 children were orphaned due to this pandemic.

 

 

 

 

 

II. ASIA

 

 

 

 

1. China

1,321,851,888 (July 2007 est.)

840,000 (2003 est.)

0.1 percent (2003 est.)

 

2. Cambodia

13,995,904

170,000 (2003 est.)

2.6 percent (2003 est.)

 

3. Thailand

65,068,149

570,000 (2003 est.)

1.5 percent (2003 est.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

III.LATIN AMERICA

 

 

 

 

1. Bolivia

9,119,152 (July 2007 est.)

4,900 (2003 est.)

0.1 percent (2003 est.)

 

2. El Salvador

6,948,073 (July 2007 est.)

29,000 (2003 est.)

0.7 percent (2003 est.)

 

3. Guatemala

12,728,111 (July 2007 est.)

78,000 (2003 est.)

1.1 percent (2003 est.)

 

4. Panama

3,242,173 (July 2007 est.)

16,000 (2003 est.)

0.9 percent (2003 est.)

 

5. Peru

28,674,757 (July 2007 est.)

82,000 (2003 est.)

0.5 percent (2003 est.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: CIA World Factbook

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